Distribution of Native Breeds of Karnataka

Distribution of Native Breeds of Karnataka

Karnataka has six indigenous cattle breeds of which the Deoni cattle breed is the only dual breed. Deoni male animals are used for ploughing and transportation, whereas cows yield up to 1,500 kg of milk per lactation. As the state does not have any prominent milch breed, the dairy farmers use crossbred cattle for milk production. The balance five registered breeds are Amritmahal, Hallikar, Khilari, Krishna Valley and Malnad Gidda which are draught breeds. The male animal of these breeds is excellent for ploughing and transportation, whereas cows are poor milk yielders with an average milk yield of less than 500 kg per lactation. These animals are sturdy and can with stand adverse climatic conditions. Historically, Amritmahal cattle was used by Nawab Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan for carrying ammunition into the battlefield on rough roads and across difficult terrains. Both Amritmahal and Krishna Valley breeds are being considered for conservation under recently launched ‘Rashtriya Gokul Mission’. Pandharpuri buffaloes are reared mostly in northern Karnataka. The breed is popular due to rapid reproductive ability. Normally, this buffalo yields 6-7 liters of milk per day. But under good management, the yield can go up to 15 liters.

1.1: Distribution of Cattle Breeds of Karnataka

Amrit mahal Southern Karnataka [Chikmagalur, Hassan, Chitradurga districts] Draught Mainly in Chikmagalur, Davanagere, Shimoga,
Hassan, Chitradurga, Tumkur districts
Deoni Marathwada region of Maharashtra and adjoining parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh Dual Primarily in Bidar, Gulbarga districts
Hallikar Mysore, Mandya, Bangalore, Kolar, Tumkur, Hassan and Chitradurga districts of Karnataka Draught Hassan, Mysore, Mandya, Tumkur,
Ramanagara, Chamarajanagar districts.
Scattered distribution in other districts also.
Khilari Southern Maharashtra (Solapur, Sangli, Kolhapur and Satara district) and Bijapur, Belgaum and Dharwad districts of Karnataka Draught Mainly Belgaum, Bijapur , Bagalkot,
Dharwad, Haveri and Gulbarga districts
Belgaum, Raichur and Bijapur districts of Karnataka and Satara, Sangli and Solapur districts of Maharashtra Draught Mainly in Bagalkot, Raichur districts
Malnad region of Karnataka Draught Primarily in Uttara Kannada, Dakshina
Kannada, Udupi, Shimoga, Chikmagalur,
Haveri, Hassan & Kodagu districts.

1. Amrithmahal

amritmahal karnataka breed

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Amrit Mahal Breed ( Cow/ Bull)

2. Deoni

Deoni karnataka cattle breed

Deoni cattle

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3. Hallikar

Hallikar karnataka cattle breed

Hallikar Breed

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4. Khilari

Khilari cattle breed

Khillari cattle

5. Krishna Valley

Krishna Valley cattle breed

Krishna Valley ( Cow/ Bull)

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6. Malnad Gidda

Malnad Gidda cattle breed

Malnad Gidda Breed Cattle (Bull/Cow)

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Exotic Breeds

1.Jersey Crossbred

2.Holstein Friesian Crossbred

Jersey Crossbred

1.2: Distribution of Buffalo Breed of Karnataka

Pandharpuri Maharashtra {Kolhapur, Sangli and Solapur} Milch MilchBelgaum, Bidar, Bijapur, Dharwadand, Gulbarga

Pandharpuri Buffalo

SOURCE: AE Nivsarkar et al., (2000), Animal Genetic Resources of India, Cattle and Buffalo, ICAR publication and Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, GoI