Ongole cattle breed (Ongole Bull/ Ongole Cow)


Ongole breeding track
Breeding tract of the Ongole includes East Godavari, Guntur, Ongole, Nellore and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh


  • Ongole breed cattle got its name from its geographical location of origin, “Ongole district” from Andhra Pradesh
  • This Breed also mentioned as Nellore, By the Nellore belt people, (Ongole earlier was in the Nellore District)
  • Ongole cow is one of the Top exported Indian Cattle breeds to Overseas
  • This breed is very much similar to the Gaolao breed of Madhya Pradesh and bhagnari breed from North
  • Ongole breed cow/bull efficient in both farm/work and milk production
Ongole Breed Cattle
Image Source:

Breeding status: Conservation

Country: India

Home or breeding tract: Maintained as migratory herds inEast Godavari, Guntur, Ongole, Nellore and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh.

Body: Ongoles bulls are large-sized animals and They have long bodies and short necks, limbs are long and muscular.

Body color: The Ongole cows are generally grey or white in color.

Markings over body: The bull has dark gray markings on the head, neck, and hump and sometimes black points on the knees and on the pasterns of both the fore and hind legs. They have a white switch of the tail, white eyelashes.

Source : paadipantalu

Skin: The skin is mellow, elastic and medium thickness and often shows black mottled markings

Head: has a dark grey marking at center

Forehead: Prominent, Fore Head is broad

Face: Narrow

Ears: Ears are moderately long and slightly drooping, measuring on an average of 9 to 12 inches.

Neck: Short necks and sometimes black points can be seen

Dewlap: Large dewlaps which are fleshy and hang in folds extending to the navel flap

Shoulder hump:  Well build and mussel

Penis sheath flap: thick

Horns: When it comes to horns, Ongole cow is not like most of the Indian breeds.It has short and stumpy horns, growing outwards and backward, Horns are thick at the base and firm

Production traits: Ongole breed cow/bull cattle efficient on both work and milk production.

Ability as draught purpose: Ongole is a dual purpose cattle breed, this is good at bot Diary and Draught.

Anything else: Ongole breed immensely exported to.

  • USA
  • Brazil
  • Sri Lanka
  • Fiji
  • Jamaica
  • Australis
  • Switzerland
  • Holland
  • Malaysia
  • Argentina
  • Columbia
  • Mexico
  • Paraguay
  • Indonesia
  • West Indies
  • Mauritius
  • The Philippines

Other Similar breeds: As mentioned earlier, This breed is very much similar to the Gaolao breed of Madhya Pradesh and bhagnari breed from North.

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The mascot of the 2002 Indian National Games

The Ongole Bull, the Indigenous cattle breed of Andrapradesh, is the official Mascot of the 32ndNational Games. The selection of the Ongole Bull as the Games Mascot reflects our concern for the local indigenous breed; this is a species facing extinction. 


The Andra Chief Minister named this Mascot ‘Veera’ in 2002, during the International Olympic Day celebrations at Hyderabad. The choice of the name “Veera” for the Mascot is a tribute to great local indigenous breed Ongole Bull.

mascot veera
India Post released new postcard for “32nd Indian National Games” on 2002.



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