punganur breed

Punganur cattle Breed ( Cow/ Bull)

Punganur dwarf cattle

Punganur dwarf cattle
Punganur dwarf cattle which originated from the Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh in southern India is among the world’s smallest humped cattle breeds.

This Punganur cattle breed originated from the Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh. This breed is one of the world smallest cattle variant like Vechur cattle breed in Kerala, Its average height is 70 to 90 cm and its weight is 115 to 200 kg.

This Punganur cattle breed named after the village Punganur in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, in the southern point of Deccan plateau. This breed milk high-fat content and rich in medicinal properties.

This rare breed Punganur cattle mainly maintained as a livestock research station, Palamaner, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, attached to Shri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati. 

Body: Punganur is the one of very few smallest cattle breed in the world. Back sloping downwards from front to hindquarters, Tail touching the ground.

Body colour: Punganur cattle will be in different colours. White colour mixed with red, brown or black coloured patches are also seen.

The Punganur is on the verge of extinction, with some 60 odd animals remaining.

Horns: Punganur breed has a broad forehead and short horns. The horns are crescent-shaped and often lose curving backwards and forward in males and lateral and forward in females.

Production traits: Average milk yield of the breed is 546 Kg per lactation, with 5% average milk fat.

Ability as draught purpose: The bullocks are used for agricultural operation in the light soil as well as for driving carts for transportation and special races.

Anything else: Normally Cow Milk has a fat content of 3 to 3.5 percent, the Punganur breed’s milk contains up to 8 percent.

Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) has about 200 Punganur cows in its cattle-yard. Ghee prepared from the milk of these cows is being used in ‘archana’ (offering) for Lord Venkateswara. 

Punganur cow’s milk is used for ksheera abhishekam in Thirupathi for Venkateswara swami. The ghee of punganur cows is used for making the very famous Tirupathi temple laddu. The darshan of this cow itself is very sacred.

The breed is named after the town of its origin, Punganur, in Chittoor district situated in the south-eastern tip of the Deccan Plateau.


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