Recognized Native indigenous cattle breeds of India.



Postal department of India honoured the “Indigenous Breeds of Cattle” by releasing the stamps for Kangayam, Kankrej, Gir & Hallikar breed cattle in the year 2000, April 25.

 MILCH/DAIRY BREED

 

1.GIR

  • This breed is otherwise called as Bhadawari, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati.
  • Originated in Gir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat also found in Maharashtra and adjacent Rajasthan.
  • Basic colours of skin are white with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red.
  • Horns are peculiarly curved, giving a ‘half moon’ appearance.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation.
  • This breed is known for its hardiness and disease resistance.

Read more about Gir cattle breed

2.RATHI

Read more about Rathi cattle breed

3.RED SINDHI

  • This breed is otherwise called as Red Karachi and Sindhi and Mahi.
  • Originated in Karachi and Hyderabad (Pakistan) regions of undivided India and also reared in certain organized farms in our country.
  • Colour is red with shades varying from dark red to light, strips of white.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1250 to 1800 kgs per lactation.
  • Bullocks despite lethargic and slow can be used for road and fieldwork.



4.SAHIWAL

  • Originated in Montgomery region of undivided India.
  • This breed is otherwise known as Lola (loose skin), Lambi Bar, Montgomery, Multani, Teli.
  • Best indigenous dairy breed.
  • Reddish dun or pale red in colour sometimes flashed with white patches.
  • Heavy breed with a symmetrical body having loose skin.
  • The average milk yield of this breed is between 1400 and 2500 kgs per lactation.

Read more about Sahiwal cattle breed


DRAUGHT BREED

1.HALLIKAR

Hallikar cattle breed

  • Originated from the former princely state of Vijayanagar, presently part of Karnataka.
  • The colour is grey or dark grey.
  • Compact, muscular and medium size animal with prominent forehead, longhorns and strong legs.
  • The breed is best known for its draught capacity and especially for its trotting ability.

Read more about Hallikar cattle breed

Hallikar Breed

2.AMRITHMAHAL

  • Originated in Hassan, Chikmagalur and Chitradurga district of Karnataka.
  • Amiritmahals are grey cattle but their shade varies from almost white to near black.
  • The muzzle, feat and tail are usually black.
  • Horns are long and end in sharp black points.

Read more about Amrith Mahal cattle breed



3.KHILLARI

  • Originated from Sholapur and Sitapur districts of Maharashtra.
  • Closely resembles Hallikar breed.
  • Grey-white in colour.
  • Longhorns turn forwards in a peculiar fashion. The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish.
  • Bullocks are fast and powerful.

 

4.KANGAYAM

  • Also known as kongu and konganad.
  • Originated in Kangayam, Dharapuram, Perundurai, Erode, Bhavani and part of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode and Coimbatore district.
  • Bulls are grey with a dark colour in the hump, fore and hindquarters.
  • The horns are spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards.
  • Cows are grey or white.
  • The eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them.
  • Moderate size with compact bodies.

 

5.BARGUR

  • Found around Bargur hills in Bhavani taluk of Erode district in Tamilnadu.
  • Developed for work in uneven hilly terrains.
  • Generally brown colour with white markings.
  • Animals are well built, compact and medium in size.
  • Known for their speed and endurance in trotting.
  • Cautious in behaviour and tends to remain away from strangers.

Read more about Bargur cattle breed



6.UMBLACHERY

  • It is otherwise called as Jathi madu, Mottai madu, Molai madu, Therkathi madu.
  • Originated in Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Suitable for wet ploughing and known for their strength and sturdiness.
  • Umblachery calves are generally red or brown at birth with all the characteristic white marking on the face, on limbs and tail.
  • The legs have white markings below the hocks like socks.
  • The practice of dehorning of bullocks is peculiar in Umblachery cattle.

    Read more about Umblachery cattle breed

7.PULIKULAM

  • This breed is commonly seen in cumbum valley of Madurai district in Tamil Nadu.
  • Also known as Jallikattu madu, kidai madu, sentharai.
  • Small in size, usually grey or dark grey in colour.
  • Well- developed hump.
  • Mainly used for penning in the field.
  • Useful for ploughing.
  • Presence of reddish or brownish spots in muzzle, eyes, switch and back is the characteristic feature of this breed.
  • Typical backward curving horns of likeMysore type cattle.

8.ALAMBADI

  • Originated from Alambadi of Dharmapuri district in Tamilnadu.
  • Grey or dark grey in colour.
  • White markings will be seen in forehead, limb and tail.
  • Horns are backward curving like Mysore cattle.
  • Resembles Hallikar and also known as Betas.
  • It is useful in ploughing

Read more about Alambadi cattle breed




DUAL PURPOSE BREED

1.THARPARKAR

  • Originated in Tharparkar district (Pakistan) of undivided India and also found in Rajasthan.
  • Otherwise known as White Sindhi, Gray Sindhi and Thari.
  • They are medium-sized, compact and have a lyre-shaped horn.
  • Body colour is white or light grey.
  • The bullocks are quite suitable for ploughing and casting and the cows yield 1800 to 2600 kgs of milk per lactation.

2.HARIANA

  • It was originated from Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana and also popular in Punjab, UP and parts of MP.
  • Horns are small.
  • The bullocks are powerful work animals.
  • Hariana cows are fair milkers yielding 600 to 800 kg of milk per lactation.

3.KANKREJ

  • It is otherwise called as Wadad or Waged, Wadhiar.
  • Originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch of Gujarat and adjoining Rajasthan (Barmer and Jodhpur district).
  • The horns are lyre-shaped.
  • Colour of the animal varies from silver-grey to iron-grey or steel black.
  • The gait of Kankrej is peculiarly called as 1 ¼ paces (sawai chal).
  • Kankrej is valued for fast, powerful, draught cattle. Useful in ploughing and carting.
  • The cows are good milkers, yielding about 1400 kgs per lactation.

Photo Gallery (kankrej Cattle)



4.ONGOLE

  • Otherwise known as Nellore.
  • The home track is Ongole taluk in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Large muscular breed with a well-developed hump.
  • Suitable for heavy draught work.
  • White or light grey in colour.
  • Average milk yield is 1000 kgs per lactation.

Read more about Ongole cattle breed

5.KRISHNA VALLEY

  • Originated from the black cotton soil of the watershed of the river Krishna in Karnataka and also found in border districts of Maharastra.
  • Animals are large, having a massive frame with deep, loosely built short body.
  • Tail almost reaches the ground.
  • Generally, grey-white in colour with a darker shade on forequarters and hindquarters in the male. Adults females are more whitish in appearance.
  • The bullocks are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing and valued for their good working qualities.
  • The average yield is about 900 kgs per lactation.

Read more about Krishna Valley cattle breed

6.DEONI

  • This breed is otherwise known as Dongerpati, Dongari, Wannera, Waghyd, Balankya, Shevera.
  • Originated in Western Andra Pradesh and also found in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka.
  • Body colour is usually spotted black and white.
  • Milk yield ranges from 636 to 1230 kgs per lactation.
  • Caving interval average is 447 days.
  • Bullocks are suitable for heavy cultivation.

Read more about Deoni cattle breed




DWARF BREEDS

1.VECHUR

Read more about Vechur cattle breed

2.PUNGANUR

Read more about Punganur cattle breed



BUFFALO BREED

1.MURAH/MURRAH

2.SURTI

3.JAFFIRABADI/JAFARABADI

4.BHADAWARI

5.NILI RAVI

6.MEHSANA

7.NAGPURI

8.TODA

Soure : dahd.nic.in & agritech.tnau.ac.in

Read More: Other Native cattle

For More information and purchase on different indigenous breeds

Alambadi Cattle | Amrit Mahal Cattle | Bachaur cattle | Bargur Cattle | Gir Breed |Kasaragod Dwarf Cattle | Kherigarh Cattle | Krishna Valley cattle | Malnad Gidda Cattle | Mewati Breed | Ongole breed cattle | Ponwar Breed | Pulikulam Cattle | Umblachery Cattle | Vechur Cattle Breed

Read More: Native Dog breed

For More information on Indian native dog breeds.

Banjara Greyhound | Bully kutta mastiff  | Chippiparai Hound | Gaddi Kutta mastiff | Indian Spitz | Jonangi breed | Kanni hound dog  | Kombai/Combai hound dog  | Mudhol Hound | Pandikona Hound | Rajapalayam Hound  | Rampur Hound

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