- This breed is otherwise called as Bhadawari, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati.
- Originated in Gir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat also found in Maharashtra and adjacent Rajasthan.
- Basic colours of skin are white with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red.
- Horns are peculiarly curved, giving a ‘half moon’ appearance.
- Milk yield ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation.
- This breed is known for its hardiness and disease resistance.
- This breed is otherwise called as Red Karachi and Sindhi and Mahi.
- Originated in Karachi and Hyderabad (Pakistan) regions of undivided India and also reared in certain organized farms in our country.
- Colour is red with shades varying from dark red to light, strips of white.
- Milk yield ranges from 1250 to 1800 kgs per lactation.
- Bullocks despite lethargic and slow can be used for road and fieldwork.
- Originated in Montgomery region of undivided India.
- This breed is otherwise known as Lola (loose skin), Lambi Bar, Montgomery, Multani, Teli.
- Best indigenous dairy breed.
- Reddish dun or pale red in colour sometimes flashed with white patches.
- Heavy breed with a symmetrical body having loose skin.
- The average milk yield of this breed is between 1400 and 2500 kgs per lactation.
- Originated from the former princely state of Vijayanagar, presently part of Karnataka.
- The colour is grey or dark grey.
- Compact, muscular and medium size animal with prominent forehead, longhorns and strong legs.
- The breed is best known for its draught capacity and especially for its trotting ability.
- Originated in Hassan, Chikmagalur and Chitradurga district of Karnataka.
- Amiritmahals are grey cattle but their shade varies from almost white to near black.
- The muzzle, feat and tail are usually black.
- Horns are long and end in sharp black points
- Originated from Sholapur and Sitapur districts of Maharashtra.
- Closely resembles Hallikar breed.
- Grey-white in colour.
- Longhorns turn forwards in a peculiar fashion. The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish.
- Bullocks are fast and powerful.
- Also known as kongu and konganad.
- Originated in Kangayam, Dharapuram, Perundurai, Erode, Bhavani and part of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode and Coimbatore district.
- Bulls are grey with a dark colour in the hump, fore and hindquarters.
- The horns are spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards.
- Cows are grey or white.
- The eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them.
- Moderate size with compact bodies.
- Found around Bargur hills in Bhavani taluk of Erode district in Tamilnadu.
- Developed for work in uneven hilly terrains.
- Generally brown colour with white markings.
- Animals are well built, compact and medium in size.
- Known for their speed and endurance in trotting.
- Cautious in behaviour and tends to remain away from strangers.
- It is otherwise called as Jathi madu, Mottai madu, Molai madu, Therkathi madu.
- Originated in Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts of Tamil Nadu.
- Suitable for wet ploughing and known for their strength and sturdiness.
- Umblachery calves are generally red or brown at birth with all the characteristic white marking on the face, on limbs and tail.
- The legs have white markings below the hocks like socks.
- The practice of dehorning of bullocks is peculiar in Umblachery cattle.
- This breed is commonly seen in cumbum valley of Madurai district in Tamil Nadu.
- Also known as Jallikattu madu, kidai madu, sentharai.
- Small in size, usually grey or dark grey in colour.
- Well- developed hump.
- Mainly used for penning in the field.
- Useful for ploughing.
- Presence of reddish or brownish spots in muzzle, eyes, switch and back is the characteristic feature of this breed.
- Typical backward curving horns of likeMysore type cattle.
- Breeds are active, useful draught animals but not fast trotter
- Originated from Alambadi of Dharmapuri district in Tamilnadu.
- Grey or dark grey in colour.
- White markings will be seen in forehead, limb and tail.
- Horns are backward curving like Mysore cattle.
- Resembles Hallikar and also known as Betas.
- It is useful in ploughing
DUAL PURPOSE BREED
- Originated in Tharparkar district (Pakistan) of undivided India and also found in Rajasthan.
- Otherwise known as White Sindhi, Gray Sindhi and Thari.
- They are medium-sized, compact and have an lyre-shaped horn.
- Body colour is white or light grey.
- The bullocks are quite suitable for ploughing and casting and the cows yield 1800 to 2600 kgs of milk per lactation.
- It was originated from Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana and also popular in Punjab, UP and parts of MP.
- Horns are small.
- The bullocks are powerful work animals.
- Hariana cows are fair milkers yielding 600 to 800 kg of milk per lactation.
- It is otherwise called as Wadad or Waged, Wadhiar.
- Originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch of Gujarat and adjoining Rajasthan (Barmer and Jodhpur district).
- The horns are lyre-shaped.
- Colour of the animal varies from silver-grey to iron-grey or steel black.
- The gait of Kankrej is peculiarly called as 1 ¼ paces (sawai chal).
- Kankrej is valued for fast, powerful, draught cattle. Useful in ploughing and carting.
- The cows are good milkers, yielding about 1400 kgs per lactation.
Photo Gallery (kankrej Cattle)
- Otherwise known as Nellore.
- The home track is Ongole taluk in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.
- Large muscular breed with a well-developed hump.
- Suitable for heavy draught work.
- White or light grey in colour.
- Average milk yield is 1000 kgs per lactation.
- Originated from the black cotton soil of the watershed of the river Krishna in Karnataka and also found in border districts of Maharastra.
- Animals are large, having a massive frame with deep, loosely built short body.
- Tail almost reaches the ground.
- Generally, grey-white in colour with a darker shade on forequarters and hindquarters in the male. Adults females are more whitish in appearance.
- The bullocks are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing and valued for their good working qualities.
- The average yield is about 900 kgs per lactation.
- This breed is otherwise known as Dongerpati, Dongari, Wannera, Waghyd, Balankya, Shevera.
- Originated in Western Andra Pradesh and also found in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka.
- Body colour is usually spotted black and white.
- Milk yield ranges from 636 to 1230 kgs per lactation.
- Caving interval average is 447 days.
- Bullocks are suitable for heavy cultivation.
Soure : dahd.nic.in & agritech.tnau.ac.in