Tamil speking country

Tamil nadu Native Cattle Breeds

Tamil Nadu catlle breeds classified by its breeding track and the geo location it belongs to. The Tamil speaking country was ruled by different dynasties during the Sangam Age. The political history of these dynasties can be traced from the literary references”Purananuru“(Tamil: புறநானூறு).

The Purananuru is a source of information on the political and social history of prehistoric Tamil Nadu. There is information on the various rulers who ruled the Tamil country before and during the Sangam era.

    • Chera Nadu or Konga/Kongu Nadu
    • Chola Nadu
    • Pandya Nadu
  • Tondai Nadu/Tondaimandalam  Etc..


KONGA/KONGU NADU (Tamil:சேரநாடு)

The Flag of Chera (Tamil: சேரநாட்டு கொடி)

The kingdom of the Chera dynasty comprised the modern Western Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Together with Chola and Pandya, they are one of the three major dynasties in Tamil speaking regions.

Based on the climatic conditions and agricultural status, each country has their own breed suited their eco conditions.

Geographic location: Chera dynasty
    • EastYercaud and Kollimalai mountains.
    • WestVellingiri hills, Walayar, Anaiamalai mountains
    • NorthThe Nilgiris Mountain ranges
  • SouthKodaikkanal mountains, Sirumalai mountains


    1. Kangayam (Mee Konga, Mekattu madu)    /click to read more
    1. Tiruchengodu (Mazha Konga, Kikattu madu)
    1. Bargur (Semmarai, Malayan)   /click to read more
    1. Palamalai
    1. Alambadi    /click to read more
  1. Kollimalai – Seravaroyan hill cattle
kangayam Bull : Kangayam(Mee Konga, Mekattu madu)
kangayam Cow : Kangayam(Mee Konga, Mekattu madu)
Bargur Cattle Breed
Alambadi Cattle breed

2. CHOLA NADU (Tamil: சோழநாடு)

The Flag of Chola (Tamil: சோழர் கொடி)

Chola dynasty starts from the cauvery rive valley in the North and stretch to Vaigai river in the South to Thondai Mandalam, Rich “Uraiyur” (Currently Tiruchirappalli) was the capital of Chola dynasty.

Self governance, Revenue administration and Water Irrigation was highly organised under this kingdom.

Chola dynasty : Geographic location


1.Vadakarai (Soliya Vadakarai)

2.Manapparai (Konadan)

3.Umbalachery (Mottai cattle,Tanjore polled cattle)    /click to read more

Umblachery cattle Breed

3. PANDYA NADU (Tamil:பாண்டிய நாடு)

The Flag of Pandiya’s (Tamil: பாண்டிய நாட்டு கொடி)

Pandya Nadu dynasty ruled their county  from their capital Korkai later shifted to madurai, 

Pandya dynasty : Geographic location



2.Pulikulam (Jallikattu)    /click to read more

3.Thambiran madu

4.Tenpandi (Tirunelveli)

Source : thehindu
Pulikulam Cattle Breed

4. TONDAI NADU/TONDAIMANDALAM: (Tamil: தொண்டைநாடு)

The Flag of Tondai Nadu (Tamil: தொண்டைநாட்டு கொடி)

Thondai mandalam region covers the north most part of Tamil Nadu. This includes districts which formed a part of the traditional Pallava kingdom. The boundaries of Tondai mandalam include Chennai, Tiruvallur, Vellore, Kanchipuram, Tiruvannamalai and the northern part of Viluppuram district in Tondai mandalam, and group the southern part of Viluppuram District, the Union Territory of Pondicherry and Cuddalore District under a separate region called “Nadu Naadu”in Tondai mandalam. A larger Tondai mandalam include all of these. Also, The Tondai mandalam region extend to cover Chittoor and Nellore districts which is now in Andhra Pradesh.

Thondai mandalam dynasty : Geographic location


1. Tondainadu

2 Turinjithalai

3. Punganur    /click to read more

Punganur Cattle Breed

Also Read.

How to Recognise Native British Cattle Breeds | The American Bison  | Recognized indigenous cattle breeds of India | List of Bos Indicus Breeds – Zebu Breed | First Domesticated Cattle in the World : Origin of Modern Cows Traced | 40 million cows to get Aadhaar like number at cost of Rs 50 crore in 1st phase : Budget 2018 | Registration of livestock/poultry breeds rises to 169: Govt | Chennai to host expo of indigenous native cattle breeds on Jan 6 and 7. | Kerala Sets up a special reproduction centre to help grow Vechur cattle population | Andhra pradesh well poised to become a seed hub, says Bill Gates | Using Cow Dung of Indigenous Breeds, This Farmer Makes Lakhs from Organic Papaya | Kampala to host 2017 livestock show | Cargill to plough millions into animal nutrition business in India | Supreme Court issues notice to Tamil Nadu government on PETA plea against jallikattu | Haryana govt plans PGs for cattle to boost milk production | Molecular Characterisation of Rathi and Tharparkar Indigenous Cattle (Bos indicus) | Embryo transfer technology to be used to carry out 440 embryo transfers in cattle in 9 days | ‘Rettamalai Ondikaruppu’ Temple Bull , is no more | Decline in indigenous cow breeds: NGT summons official | Maharashtra moos to boost desi/Indigenous cow varieties | Soon desi cow’s milk will be sold through medical stores: Warns Rajasthan minister | Telangana ties up with Brazil to improve Desi milk production | Project Mooo: supporting India’s dairy farmers with sustainable technology | Government allocates ₹2.5 cr. for protection of native cattle breeds | Project to preserve indigenous cattle – Karnataka.Alanganallur was the most crowded village today in India! | Tamils Gathered in America, To show Support Jallikattu!! |

Native breed cattle.

For More information and purchase on different indigenous breeds

Alambadi Cattle | Amrit Mahal Cattle | Bachaur cattle | Bargur Cattle | Gir Breed

Kasaragod Dwarf Cattle | Kherigarh Cattle | Krishna Valley cattle | Malnad Gidda Cattle

Mewati Breed | Ongole breed cattle | Ponwar Breed | Pulikulam Cattle

Umblachery Cattle | Vechur Cattle Breed

Native Dog breed.

For More information on Indian native dog breeds.

Banjara Greyhound | bully kutta mastiff  | Chippiparai Hound | Gaddi Kutta mastiff

Indian Spitz | jonangi breed | kanni hound dog  | Kombai/Combai hound dog  | Mudhol Hound

Pandikona Hound | Rajapalayam Hound  | Rampur Hound

source:: Wiki




  • M.Nandhakumar

    February 15, 2018

    Dear Admin
    Can u post our thondai madukal in on this groups..please…if need Help i can..


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