Recognized Native indigenous cattle breeds of India.



 MILCH/DAIRY BREED

 

1.GIR

  • This breed is otherwise called as Bhadawari, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati.
  • Originated in Gir forests of South Kathiawar in Gujarat also found in Maharashtra and adjacent Rajasthan.
  • Basic colours of skin are white with dark red or chocolate-brown patches or sometimes black or purely red.
  • Horns are peculiarly curved, giving a ‘half moon’ appearance.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1200-1800 kgs per lactation.
  • This breed is known for its hardiness and disease resistance.

Read more about Gir cattle breed

2.RATHI

Read more about Rathi cattle breed

3.RED SINDHI

  • This breed is otherwise called as Red Karachi and Sindhi and Mahi.
  • Originated in Karachi and Hyderabad (Pakistan) regions of undivided India and also reared in certain organized farms in our country.
  • Colour is red with shades varying from dark red to light, strips of white.
  • Milk yield ranges from 1250 to 1800 kgs per lactation.
  • Bullocks despite lethargic and slow can be used for road and fieldwork.



4.SAHIWAL

  • Originated in Montgomery region of undivided India.
  • This breed is otherwise known as Lola (loose skin), Lambi Bar, Montgomery, Multani, Teli.
  • Best indigenous dairy breed.
  • Reddish dun or pale red in colour sometimes flashed with white patches.
  • Heavy breed with a symmetrical body having loose skin.
  • The average milk yield of this breed is between 1400 and 2500 kgs per lactation.


DRAUGHT BREED

1.HALLIKAR

  • Originated from the former princely state of Vijayanagar, presently part of Karnataka.
  • The colour is grey or dark grey.
  • Compact, muscular and medium size animal with prominent forehead, longhorns and strong legs.
  • The breed is best known for its draught capacity and especially for its trotting ability.

Gir Cow

2.AMRITHMAHAL

  • Originated in Hassan, Chikmagalur and Chitradurga district of Karnataka.
  • Amiritmahals are grey cattle but their shade varies from almost white to near black.
  • The muzzle, feat and tail are usually black.
  • Horns are long and end in sharp black points



3.KHILLARI

  • Originated from Sholapur and Sitapur districts of Maharashtra.
  • Closely resembles Hallikar breed.
  • Grey-white in colour.
  • Longhorns turn forwards in a peculiar fashion. The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish.
  • Bullocks are fast and powerful.

 

4.KANGAYAM

  • Also known as kongu and konganad.
  • Originated in Kangayam, Dharapuram, Perundurai, Erode, Bhavani and part of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode and Coimbatore district.
  • Bulls are grey with a dark colour in the hump, fore and hindquarters.
  • The horns are spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards.
  • Cows are grey or white.
  • The eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them.
  • Moderate size with compact bodies.

 

5.BARGUR

  • Found around Bargur hills in Bhavani taluk of Erode district in Tamilnadu.
  • Developed for work in uneven hilly terrains.
  • Generally brown colour with white markings.
  • Animals are well built, compact and medium in size.
  • Known for their speed and endurance in trotting.
  • Cautious in behaviour and tends to remain away from strangers.

Read more about Bargur cattle breed



6.UMBLACHERY

  • It is otherwise called as Jathi madu, Mottai madu, Molai madu, Therkathi madu.
  • Originated in Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Suitable for wet ploughing and known for their strength and sturdiness.
  • Umblachery calves are generally red or brown at birth with all the characteristic white marking on the face, on limbs and tail.
  • The legs have white markings below the hocks like socks.
  • The practice of dehorning of bullocks is peculiar in Umblachery cattle.

    Read more about Umblachery cattle breed

7.PULIKULAM

  • This breed is commonly seen in cumbum valley of Madurai district in Tamil Nadu.
  • Also known as Jallikattu madu, kidai madu, sentharai.
  • Small in size, usually grey or dark grey in colour.
  • Well- developed hump.
  • Mainly used for penning in the field.
  • Useful for ploughing.
  • Presence of reddish or brownish spots in muzzle, eyes, switch and back is the characteristic feature of this breed.
  • Typical backward curving horns of likeMysore type cattle.

8.ALAMBADI

  • Originated from Alambadi of Dharmapuri district in Tamilnadu.
  • Grey or dark grey in colour.
  • White markings will be seen in forehead, limb and tail.
  • Horns are backward curving like Mysore cattle.
  • Resembles Hallikar and also known as Betas.
  • It is useful in ploughing

Read more about Alambadi cattle breed




DUAL PURPOSE BREED

1.THARPARKAR

  • Originated in Tharparkar district (Pakistan) of undivided India and also found in Rajasthan.
  • Otherwise known as White Sindhi, Gray Sindhi and Thari.
  • They are medium-sized, compact and have an lyre-shaped horn.
  • Body colour is white or light grey.
  • The bullocks are quite suitable for ploughing and casting and the cows yield 1800 to 2600 kgs of milk per lactation.

2.HARIANA

  • It was originated from Rohtak, Hisar, Jind and Gurgaon districts of Haryana and also popular in Punjab, UP and parts of MP.
  • Horns are small.
  • The bullocks are powerful work animals.
  • Hariana cows are fair milkers yielding 600 to 800 kg of milk per lactation.

3.KANKREJ

  • It is otherwise called as Wadad or Waged, Wadhiar.
  • Originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch of Gujarat and adjoining Rajasthan (Barmer and Jodhpur district).
  • The horns are lyre-shaped.
  • Colour of the animal varies from silver-grey to iron-grey or steel black.
  • The gait of Kankrej is peculiarly called as 1 ¼ paces (sawai chal).
  • Kankrej is valued for fast, powerful, draught cattle. Useful in ploughing and carting.
  • The cows are good milkers, yielding about 1400 kgs per lactation.

Photo Gallery (kankrej Cattle)



4.ONGOLE

  • Otherwise known as Nellore.
  • The home track is Ongole taluk in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Large muscular breed with a well-developed hump.
  • Suitable for heavy draught work.
  • White or light grey in colour.
  • Average milk yield is 1000 kgs per lactation.

5.KRISHNA VALLEY

  • Originated from the black cotton soil of the watershed of the river Krishna in Karnataka and also found in border districts of Maharastra.
  • Animals are large, having a massive frame with deep, loosely built short body.
  • Tail almost reaches the ground.
  • Generally, grey-white in colour with a darker shade on forequarters and hindquarters in the male. Adults females are more whitish in appearance.
  • The bullocks are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing and valued for their good working qualities.
  • The average yield is about 900 kgs per lactation.

6.DEONI

  • This breed is otherwise known as Dongerpati, Dongari, Wannera, Waghyd, Balankya, Shevera.
  • Originated in Western Andra Pradesh and also found in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka.
  • Body colour is usually spotted black and white.
  • Milk yield ranges from 636 to 1230 kgs per lactation.
  • Caving interval average is 447 days.
  • Bullocks are suitable for heavy cultivation.



DWARF BREEDS

1.VECHUR

2.PUNGANUR



BUFFALO BREED

1.MURAH/MURRAH

2.SURTI

3.JAFFIRABADI/JAFARABADI

4.BHADAWARI

5.NILI RAVI

6.MEHSANA

7.NAGPURI

8.TODA

Soure : dahd.nic.in & agritech.tnau.ac.in

Read More: Other Native cattle

For More information and purchase on different indigenous breeds

Alambadi Cattle | Amrit Mahal Cattle | Bachaur cattle | Bargur Cattle | Gir Breed |Kasaragod Dwarf Cattle | Kherigarh Cattle | Krishna Valley cattle | Malnad Gidda Cattle | Mewati Breed | Ongole breed cattle | Ponwar Breed | Pulikulam Cattle | Umblachery Cattle | Vechur Cattle Breed

Read More: Native Dog breed

For More information on Indian native dog breeds.

Banjara Greyhound | Bully kutta mastiff  | Chippiparai Hound | Gaddi Kutta mastiff | Indian Spitz | Jonangi breed | Kanni hound dog  | Kombai/Combai hound dog  | Mudhol Hound | Pandikona Hound | Rajapalayam Hound  | Rampur Hound

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